Mini Implants Compared to Traditional Dental Implants

Mini Implants Compared to Traditional Dental Implants

Mini implants are advertised as a low-cost alternative to conventional dental implants. Many patients seek out additional information to compare the two products and determine their best treatment option.

Overall, the primary differences between the two types of implants include overall function and longevity.

CONVENTIONAL DENTAL IMPLANTSMINI DENTAL IMPLANTS
 Mini Implants Compared to Traditional Dental Implants Mini Implants Compared to Traditional Dental Implants
SIZE & SHAPE:Contain two pieces with a diameter usually larger than 4mm. The implant is inserted into the bone. The internal threads allow for the prosthetic teeth to be attached to the dental implant. Usually several of them are splinted together to increase their strength to withstand and share the bite forces.One piece screw, just over 2mm in diameter, shaped like a spike which is screwed into the bone. The top of the mini implant is shaped like a ball and sticks out of the jaw bone to provide retention to dentures. The denture has a rubber O ring that fits around the mini implant ball. These remain separate and not splinted, and concentrate the bite forces at the bottom of their spike-shaped end.
COST:Usually more expensive than mini implants; however, they can last a lifetime because they are fused to the bone. An entire jaw of fixed-in-place teeth can be attached using just four splinted-together implants.Might seem less expensive but often need many more of the thin implants to provide some level of retention for removable dentures. Therefore, the total implant cost of the mini implants may be similar to conventional implants although with fewer teeth options. These implants have only a mechanical lock on the bone, not biologically fusing to it. They are not splinted to one another, and because they are thin, they cannot withstand bite forces like splinted stronger, larger diameter implants can.
TIME:Temporary fixed-in-place teeth can often be placed immediately; however, it typically takes about 3-4 months after the implant surgery before enough bone fuses to the implants for fixed-in-place permanent teeth to be inserted.Shorter healing time because they are so thin and bone doesn’t fuse to them. The removable denture can frequently be placed on mini implant immediately.
LONGEVITY:Wider distribution of bite forces puts less stress on the jaw bone, allows for stronger chewing force, and provides increased long-term stability. Conventional implants are designed to last a lifetime.Require a lot of care in comparison to traditional dentures or conventional implants. The estimated longevity is not a lifetime because they are so thin, can be bent, or bone loss can occur around them.
BONE REQUIREMENT:Bone grafting can be used in conjunction with conventional implants if not enough bone remains after the teeth are lost. If adequate bone is still not available, or no bone grafting is elected, another option is the Zygoma implant in the upper jaw.Need bone height to fit them in; therefore, without enough bone, reconstructive bone grafting surgery has to be done, or mini implants won’t fit and are not an option.
DENTAL PROFESSIONAL:Traditional implants require surgically trained professionals who are knowledgeable in implant surgery, and trained restorative dentists to make the teeth.Many general dentists obtain training for mini implants during a short-term weekend session.

Overall, mini-implants may be an acceptable option for those patients with adequate vertical bone who are looking for a short-term solution with removable teeth.

Patients who desire a permanent solution with fixed-in-place teeth that look and feel like real teeth and are designed to last a lifetime should consider traditional implants as their best possible option.

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